1.The articles of confederation were the 13 states fiirst constitutions. The articles made each state independent. As if the state was its own country. Under the articles of confederation,had one legilative called Congress. Each staste had a limit of 7 only 7 representatives but,only one epresentative could vote. One strength was that with the articles that congress could still comunicate with other countries this was know as foreign affairs. This was also a problem since the state had problems with Britian then 13 states did want congress to have two powers the power to enforce lwas and the power to make taxes.Another weakness about the
articles was that 9 ouy of the 13 states had to vote yes on a law if it wanted to be passed. This made it almost impossible for the states to pass any laws. If any laws were passed there was no executive branch to make sure that the laws were being followed. Although there were many failures under the articles there was one achivement it was called the Northwest Ordinance. This made a one northwest west territory that started from the ohio river and west to the mississipi river. In the territory thier were rights that included religious freedom,rights to property,and the right to be trialed by a jury.

3.James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay were the three men that stood out on the federalist side of the argument and that developed a plan to agree to aprove the constutution. They did that by writing the 85 essays. Some men were on the anti-federaist side of argument and one who seemed to stand out was George Mason of Virginia and there goal was to put the bill of rights into the constitution and to have the problems in the constitution fixed then approved. William Patterson was on the Federalist side and who was important in the drafting system of the federalist coart.(And was a supreme coart justice)Edmund Randolph who was on anti-federalists on George Masons side. Gouvner Morris was on the federalist side following james Madison going against slavery. That was all about our Founding fathers.

http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/constitution-day/ratification.html

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4.The group who supported ratification were known as the Federalist. They thought the new constitution protected the states rights. It also gave the central government the right amount of control to work effectively. Alexander Hamilton,John Bay,and James Madison thought up of a plan to convince nine states to help abolish the Articles of Confederation and to ratify the Constitution. The three men came up of a way to help them do just that. They made pamphlets called the Federalist Papers. The federalist #47 is when the Federalist defended the constitution "The accumulation of all powers, legislative,and judiciary,in the same hands, whether one, a few, or many...may justly be pronounced the very definition of tyranny.

The group the did not support were called the Antifederalist. They believed that a central government would cause to much trouble to the people of the states like taking the freedom away from the Americans. George Mason,who was the leader of the Antifederalist,believed that the Constitution was no good since it did not include a bill of rights. The Antifederalist thought that a government that had a strong central,like England, was a bad thought. They thought that the American peoples rights should be that governments #1 priority.

2.The issue to the great compromise is that the only way to continue the convention is if there was a compromise which meant an agreemeant with both sides that gave somthing up to gain something else.the two perspectives were to split the legislative branch into two pieces. the solution sherman's plan was approved.
The issue to the three fifths compromise is that the south part of america wanted to count slaves as three fifths of a man, but the north part wanted to count the slaves as a full man. The two perspectives were to show slaves as tax purposes , not representations. The solution to the three fifths compromise is to count the slaves as three fifths of a man, so every five slaves equals three men.
The last issue in the slave portation compromise is that the north wanted to stop slave trading by aboloshing it, but then the south said they would leave if the slave trade was interfered. The two last perspective is that the north didnt in terfere with the south and there slave trade. Finally in 1808 the north stopped and interfered with the south after 20 years.